Archive for the Public Policy Category

School and Industry

Posted in Public Policy on 18 February 2008 by hanafirais28

Having received emails intensively about future jobs for the past few days, I must say I have to salute LKYSPP’s “The Office of Career Services”! Its industrial network with big international corporations, organizations such as International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Singapore Airlines, Bloomberg (just to mention some) has been just “amazing”. Such organizations will even come down to the School to offer jobs for the graduates here. Reverse: It’s not the students looking for jobs, but the industry seeking for them.

Well, there is always a consequence of such sweet relationship between school and industry. Generally speaking, it is a conformation between the two. Curriculum is set to absorb industry’s needs (courses like political risk analysis, financial management would really fit) while the latter would allow for more space for the best graduates to work for them. A mutual relation indeed.

But, apart from there above, I personally have a little note. Perhaps next time in the future, the School should also offer “democracy 101” core module despite “economics” and “statistics” as other cores to have a “balanced life”. That should be interesting.


US killing – a path dependence?

Posted in Public Policy on 15 February 2008 by hanafirais28

I still fail to understand why there have been students killing students in the US recently since Virginia Tech murder last year. Any (sociological) theory would explain it, please?

Such murder, I think, should be a new phenomenon to see happening in the States. Police killing citizens is “normal” there. But students over students? Using “suicidal killing” afterwards? It’s abnormal.

I am afraid that it might create its own logic and then develops itself to be a path-dependence later on in the near future – something culturally embedded people could not stay away from.

Is the PAE about broadcast institutional design?

Posted in Public Policy on 24 January 2008 by hanafirais28

Having discussed with Dee, the research question of the Policy Analysis Exercise (PAE) now would be: Is the Department of Communication and Informatics (DOCI)’s concept of Network Broadcast System (NBS) a feasible, doable policy to be implemented in 2009?

Indonesia, via DOCI, has been figuring out what should be the best policy design to regulate the broadcast media which has been very centralistic since Soeharto’s era. We now have 10 private televisions with all relay system in their broadcasts. It is a system in which television stations make all the productions and distribution of programmes from the capital, Jakarta. They then broadcast their programmes by relay stations planted in hundreds of cities and tens of provinces throughout Indonesia.

That is why it has been very centralistic. From Acehnese, Javanese, Mollucans, to Papuans they are having the same choices of channels with increasingly irrelevant information for themselves. Why should, say, an Acehnese watch a crime report taking place in a small kampong in, say, Jogjakarta, Central Java? Why should a Jogjanese watch Jakarta’s traffic report? Further than that, are those sitcoms filled with wealthy and glamorous families and teenagers reflections of the people living, say, in Papua, or even in the poverty-striken satellite cities of Jakarta?

So DOCI came up with the idea of implementing a network broadcast system for these television stations. They said they wanted to imitate like what is happening in the US, Japan, Malaysia, or Australia. Such system serves the spirit of decentralization in the broadcasting.

So, it is about transforming a system. I may call it that it is now about transforming an institution. NBS would replace the existing centralised broadcast system. To measure the feasibility of this new system concept is then crucial. What should we use to measure the feasibility ofNBS? Economic, political, operational (infrastructure), and diversity feasibilities have to be taken into considerations.

Take diversity feasibility. My assumption is that having NBS would enhance diversity. More local needs are absorbed into the television programmes. Local diversity would be higher than now because then the existing national televisions have to compete with the existing local ones to get as many audience as possible.

But take economic diversity. I think NBS would require a lot of sunk costs for invetments (capital and human resources) for the television owners hence making them feel that NBS is a loss project. But I am also sure that economics of scale of media industry will arise in the end. If this is convinced, these media moguls surely will invest.

Problem is how should I measure each of these feasibilities?